Jane Hamilton Hall (1915-1981) was an American physicist.
Shortly after receiving her Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago in 1942, Hall became a research assistant at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory.
Her reputation as an excellent scientist and administrator earned her a position as a Senior Supervisor at Hanford less than a year later. At Hanford, in addition to her normal duties, she led several studies that uncovered information about the effects of plutonium inhalation on the human body.
After the war, Hall and her husband, David Hall, moved to Los Alamos to work for Los Alamos National Laboratory. She was a firm believer in the importance of guiding the next steps of America’s nuclear program. In 1958, she was named assistant director of the Laboratory. In 1966, President Lyndon Johnson appointed Hall as the first woman member of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission.
She retired from the Laboratory in 1970, the same year that she became the first woman to receive the Atomic Energy Commission Citation. Hall passed away in 1981 at the age of 66.