The Second World War displaced millions across Europe, and many faced persecution due to their religion, sexuality, political identity, or that of their family members, among other reasons. Many among the European refugees of the time were prominent scientists. The following is a list of refugees who contributed to the Manhattan Project, as well as other scientists and their family members who were forced to flee.
Refugees who were involved with the Manhattan Project:
Other refugee scientists:
Hans Adolf Krebs
Lise Meitner (refused a position at Los Alamos)
Arthur von Hippel
For more information on the scientific exodus which resulted from World War II, please click here.